Advice for pregnant women
If you're pregnant, you may be feeling anxious about how coronavirus (COVID-19) could affect you, your baby and your pregnancy care.
On this page you'll find information about:
- Pregnancy and your risk
- COVID-19 vaccination
- Appointments and scans
- If you develop symptoms of coronavirus
- If you have any other symptoms
- Labour and birth
- After the birth
If you are worried or have any questions, we encourage you to speak to your pregnancy care team.
Please let us know if you are a maternity patient of the Women’s and you:
- have symptoms of coronavirus
- are waiting on a coronavirus test result
- or someone close to you has recently tested positive for coronavirus
- have returned from an orange or red travel zone.
You can call us on 8345 2000 (Parkville) or 9076 1233 (Sandringham). You will not miss out on the care you need. Whatever your circumstance, we are here to help you.
There's currently no evidence that pregnant women are at increased risk of becoming infected with COVID-19. However, pregnant women should be considered a vulnerable group and take all precautions to reduce the risk of becoming infected.
If you're pregnant, it's essential that you:
- Practise good hygiene – wash your hands and cough and sneeze into a tissue or your elbow
- Keep your distance – stay 1.5 metres away from people where you can
- Wear a face mask when required
- Clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces regularly (for example phones, keyboards, door handles, light switches, bench tops)
- Stay home and get tested if you have any symptoms of COVID-19, however mild.
Some pregnant women are more likely to have severe illness from COVID-19, particularly if they:
- are older than 35 years
- are overweight or obese
- have pre-existing (pre-pregnancy) high blood pressure
- have pre-existing (pre-pregnancy) diabetes (type 1 or type 2)
Pregnant women with COVID-19 also have a higher risk of certain complications, including:
- An increased risk of needing admission to hospital
- An increased risk of needing admission to an intensive care unit
- An increased risk of needing invasive ventilation (breathing life support)
COVID-19 during pregnancy also increases the risk of complications for the newborn, including:
- A slightly increased risk of being born prematurely (before 37 weeks of pregnancy)
- An increased risk of needing admission to a hospital newborn care unit.
While there have been some cases overseas where the virus has passed from mother to the baby, the risk of transmission is understood to be low. It’s important to note that research shows that in almost every case, babies with the virus have recovered very well.
There's also no evidence coronavirus can be passed on to your baby in breast milk, so the benefits of breastfeeding and the protection it offers outweigh any risks.
Please speak to your midwife, obstetrician or General Practitioner about your specific situation.
Pregnant women are now eligible for the Pfizer vaccine (Cominarty) at any stage of pregnancy.
While the Women's does not provide COVID-19 vaccinations, information about how to access and book your vaccination, can be found on the Victorian Government's Coronavirus website
Official government advice states that real-world evidence has shown that Pfizer is safe and effective at any stage of pregnancy, if breastfeeding and if planning to get pregnant.
If you are considering a COVID-19 vaccination, please see the Australian Government’s decision guide for women who are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning pregnancy
You can download and read the guide here and discuss your decision at your next appointment with your midwife, obstetrician or General Practitioner.
You can check who is eligible for a Pfizer vaccine on the Australian Government’s website.
You will continue to have regular appointments while you're pregnant, but they might be done differently. For example:
- Some of your appointments may be done over the phone or by video call.
- If you need to come in for a face-to-face appointment, you can bring one partner or designated support person with you.
- At face-to-face appointments, you and your partner or designated support person will be screened on entry and provided with a face mask to wear. Your partner or designated support person must pass screening to enter and in some cases, they may be asked to wait elsewhere if physical distancing cannot be maintained.
While these changes have been made to help keep everyone safe, we realise they may be disappointing for some women.
If you begin to feel unwell and have a fever, chills or sweats, a cough or sore throat, shortness of breath, runny nose, or loss of sense of smell or taste you should get tested for coronavirus.
Some people may also experience headache, muscle soreness, stuffy nose, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Visit the DHHS website to find a testing location close to home or contact the Victorian Government 24-hour coronavirus hotline on 1800 675 398.
If you have serious symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, call 000 and ask for an ambulance.
If you have any other symptoms, or anything else you're worried about, you should still get medical help as you usually would.
Contact your GP for an appointment or speak to your midwife or maternity team if you have any questions.
It’s very important that pregnant women continue to get the medical care and attention they need. Please do not put off seeking medical attention if anything is bothering you.
When to contact your GP or come into hospital
» Your baby stops moving or you are concerned that your baby is moving much less than normal.
» You have:
» Your waters break or if you have a constant clear watery vaginal discharge.
» You’ve had any trauma such as an assault, a car accident or a serious fall.
In addition to our hospital midwives, having a birth partner to provide personal support is important for your wellbeing during labour.
Under current hospital restrictions, you'll be able to have two (2) birth partners with you throughout labour and birth. As there is no waiting area, they will need to stay in the birthing room, with reasonable exceptions of course.
Your birth partners will need to pass screening. If they do not pass screening unfortunately, they will not be allowed to enter our hospital.
Our midwives and doctors will be wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) including gowns, masks, gloves and eye protection during your labour.
They will work with you to manage the pain of your labour, with a number of non-medical and medical interventions available.
Keep asking your doctor or midwife any questions throughout your labour and birth. Our staff are there to help and guide you.
While they will be wearing PPE, you won’t be required to wear a mask or any other PPE during your labour. You may be required to wear a mask if you move around the hospital, and your support person/s will be required to wear a mask at all times.
These measures are in place to keep you, your baby and the staff caring for you safe.
After your baby is born and providing it is well, you’ll be able to have skin-to-skin contact in the birth suite. You'll also be encouraged to breastfeed. (See COVID and feeding your baby.)
When you move to the postnatal ward with your baby, you can have up two (2) visitors (adults or children) by your bed at any one time, and a maximum of five (5) visitors per day. This includes your partner or designated support person, who can visit outside of visiting hours. Visiting hours in Parkville are 2pm to 8pm and in Sandringham they are 2pm to 7pm.
Please be aware, due to space limitations in some areas/rooms, your visitors may be asked by ward staff to step out of your room or in the case of a shared patient room, may be asked to leave. This is to ensure physical distancing can be maintained and to keep other women and babies in our hospital as well as our staff, safe.
For information on our current visitor policy for all maternity wards, please see our visitor policy page.
When you are discharged from hospital, you will still receive support through our postnatal care in the home program. Some of these appointments may be done in person or over the phone.
We know this is a challenging time and we appreciate your understanding and patience as we navigate through this global pandemic. If you have any suggestions or feedback, we welcome it here.